Enlarge Prostate: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

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Enlarge prostate is an increase in the size of the prostate. It is not caused by cancer. The term medical for enlarged prostate is benign prostatic enlargement (BPE).

  • Benign – not cancer.
  • Prostatic – to do with the prostate.
  • Enlargement – an increase in size.

You may also have heard of it as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Hyperplasia means an increase in the number of cells. It is this growth of cells that enlarges the prostate. In our information, we use the term ‘’enlarge prostate’ to describe both BPE and BPH.

An enlarged prostate is very common in men over the age of 50. Not all men with enlarged prostates show symptoms. But as the prostate grows, it can squeeze out of the urethra, narrowing the bladder. It can be slow when you try to urinate or sometimes even stop the flow of urine.

About 1 in 3 men over the age of 50 has urinary symptoms. The most common cause of these symptoms is an enlarged prostate.

What are the signs and symptoms of an enlarge prostate?

An enlarged prostate is the most common cause of urinary problems in men as they get older. Possible symptoms include:

  • A weak flow when you urinate.
  • A feeling that your bladder is not emptying properly.
  • Difficulty starting to urinate.
  • Dribbling urine after you finish urinating.
  • It is necessary to urinate, especially at night.
  • Sudden urination – You may sometimes leak before you go to the toilet.

You may not get all these symptoms, and some men with enlarged prostates may not have any symptoms at all. These symptoms can also be caused by other factors, such as cold weather, anxiety, other health problems, life factors, and some medicines. Blood in your urine may be a symptom of an increased prostate. But it is rare and usually caused by something else.

If you have any of the above symptoms, you should visit your GP to find out what they can be.

What Causes Enlarged Prostate Conditions?

Like the medical mystery of “Whatever happened to King Tut,”, doctors are sure what the cause of the prostate is. But of course, everyone has a theory, especially when it comes to testosterone. Many medical professionals believe that androgen, which includes testosterone and the same hormone, plays a direct role in the development of benign prostatic hyperplasia. It is not a school of thought that testosterone and other androgens actually create an enlarged prostate, but studies have shown that androgen also needs to be present to cause the condition. Young men who were castrated as young children do not face prostate problems as adults.

Enlarge Prostate
Enlarged Prostate

Treatment Options for Enlarge Prostate


Men who experience the lowest symptoms of BPH may choose to practice what is called active surveillance. This means just keeping an eye on your condition and continuing to meet with your doctor regularly until the warrant intervention.

Non-invasive Treatment

  • Transurethral Microwave Therapy. A controlled amount of microwave energy is distributed to the prostate, which destroys the prostate tissue which causes blockage.
  • Transurethral Needle Ablation. Low-level radiofrequency energy is given to the prostate, destroying too much tissue.
  • Laser Therapy. Prostate tissue removal to reduce overall size.
  • Laser Vaporization. Using a high-power laser, the enlarged prostate blockage is evaporated and the urethra is opened.

Surgical Treatment for Enlarge Prostate

  • Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). In this surgery, the inside of the prostate is removed 90% of the time it is used, it is the surgical method commonly used for BPH.
  • Open prostatectomy (open surgery). The surgeon makes an incision and removes the tissue from the prostate.
  • Laser Surgery. Laser surgery uses laser power to destroy prostate tissue and shrink the prostate.
  • Transurethral incision of the prostate (TUIP). The operation does not involve the removal of prostate tissue. A few small cuts are made in the prostate gland to reduce prostate pressure on the bladder.

Medications For Enlarged Prostate

There are two main classes of pharmaceuticals that work to eliminate the symptoms of enlarge prostates: alpha-blockers and alpha-reductase inhibitors.

  1. Alpha-blockers. Alpha blockers relax the smooth muscles between the bladder’s neck and within the urethra.
  2. Inhibitors. In order to reduce the size of the prostate, the Inhibitors. stop converting to the DHT of the male hormone testosterone.

Don’t be surprised if your doctor prescribes a combination of two medications, as they have been shown to work more effectively than alone. The downside is that the combination therapy may increase the risk of side effects from the medications. Be sure to work with your doctor to assess the benefits and side effects (side effects) before starting the medication.

Are There Any Side Effects?

There are various side effects to surgeries performed on enlarged prostate. The most common method is that TURP has fewer side effects than other methods. One of the main risks is retrograde ejaculation. In retrograde ejaculation, you go backward instead of forwarding. Other side effects include blood loss requiring transfusion, urinary tract infection, and erection problems. However, erection problems do not arise with laser therapy and water therapy.

Enlarge Prostate: The Conclusion

It is important to note that herbal supplements have not been prescribed by doctors for the treatment of enlarge prostates.

If you haven’t gotten rid of the symptoms that are interfering with your daily life, it may be time to talk to your doctor about prescription medication. There are two types of drugs that have been successful in treating a well-developed prostate. Your doctor needs to have a test and see which one is best for you.

Also Read: Digestive System: How your digestive system works?

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