Digestive System: How your digestive system works?

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 Digestive System: What is Digestion?

Eating (and drinking) is the taking (swallowing) of food and other nutrients by the body. That is, eating is the scope of the process by which an organism receives food. Digestive System is a process in which the food we eat. Like food and drink, are broken down into nutrients that can be absorbed by the body and used to remove waste.

None of the food we eat or the liquid we drink can actually be used by the body that we eat.

Food and liquids need to be broken down into very small particles. And molecules, through which they can be absorbed and used by the body.

Digestion is a process that is both mechanical and chemical

For example, the teeth in the mouth are physically crushed and the food is broken down into small pieces. So that the surface can be chemically processed at a later stage of the digestive process. It releases stomach acid and enzymes that chemically break down food into very small particles. And molecules, which can be processed in the digestive process.

Food is made up of various types and concentrations of nutrients that determine how nutritious our food is. These nutrients include carbohydrates, fats, proteins, minerals, vitamins, and water.

Foods can also contain substances that cannot be digested by the body like fiber. Foods rich in fiber have many important health benefits, including coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and intestinal and colon problems.

The collection and disposal of waste from the body is an important part of digestion. The unwanted and unknown parts of the food, the dead cells from the coating of the digestive process. And some water is removed from the body as feces (also called stools).

Maintaining a normal digestive process is very important for your overall health and well-being

What Is The Digestive System

Digestive System
Digestive System

The digestive system contains Alimentary Canal and other organs whose primary function is to support the digestive system.

The Alimentary Canal is about 10 meters long tube, which starts from the mouth and ends at the anus. The tube is made up of multiple sections that each perform their own specific tasks in the digestive system.

The sections of the Alimentary Canal in the order of food processing are as follows:


The teeth in the mouth help to physically crush and break the food into small pieces. So that it can be processed by the surface in the next stage of digestion. Saliva helps to soften food to facilitate food processing and begins to break down food chemically. So that it can be processed after digestion. The tongue helps to mix crushed food with saliva


Swallowing pushes food from the mouth to the esophagus.

Esophagus (also called Oesophagus)

The esophagus is a 10-inch-long tube that connects the throat and abdomen. The muscles in the esophagus wall contract in synchronized waves called peristalsis. Where the muscles behind the food contract push it forward. And forces the muscles in front to move forward towards the abdomen.


Strong stomach muscles digest and mix food, while the glands in the stomach wall secrete acids and enzymes that chemically break down food into very small particles and molecules, which can be processed in the next stage of digestion.

Small Intestine

At the top of the small intestine, called the Duodenum, bile, and pancreas digestive juices mingle secretly. With other juices on the small intestinal wall to continue to break down food.

The food then enters the ilium, the longest section of the small intestine site. Where nutrients are absorbed into the small intestinal wall. And transferred to the body through the bloodstream (circulatory system), providing nutrients and energy to all cells. And organs of the body allow them to move, think, breathe, see, hear, etc. As well as do the necessary work to grow them, repair and save lives and fight disease.

Large Intestine (also called the Colon and Bowel)

In the large intestine, almost all water is absorbed, usually soft but structurally called stools. The muscles on the walls of your colon divide the waste into smaller sections that push into your lower colon and rectum.


Rectum provides temporary storage space for digestive waste. When rectal walls extend, they signal the need for intestinal movement.


Strong sphincter muscles in the anus prevent the waste from flowing out of the rectum until the person is ready to remove them from the body.

Various other organs in the body perform functions that are important to digestion or support digestion, and these organs include:


The gallbladder stores and concentrates the bile, and then adds it to the diet as it is Dudodenum, the upper part of the small intestine.


Hepatic storage, filtering, and processing of chemicals in food, detoxification of harmful substances, purification of your blood. Production of important nutrients and brass production are among the hundreds of useful things that can be done.

Bile is a fluid secreted by the liver to help the body properly digest fat. And help the body get rid of red blood cells, cholesterol, and potentially toxic chemicals and metals. The liver is responsible for detoxifying substances. That a person can eat, drink, breathe, rub on the skin or otherwise enter the body.


The pancreas plays an important role in both digestion and metabolism. And is a large, long, flat gland located behind the lower abdomen and between the duodenum (upper part of the small intestine) and the phlegm. Among other things, the pancreas produces digestive enzymes that help break down protein, carbohydrates, and fats.

As a result of the digestive process, the body is able to extract nutrients from food and drink and uses them for growth, repair, and maintenance of life; And the process and disposal of waste from the body (also called stools).

Each part of the digestive system and each part of the alimentary canal has a specific and important role to play in the digestion of the substances we receive.

A healthy human body (from mouth to anus) has a healthy travel time of fewer than 24 hours. However, recent research has shown that this time has doubled since it was considered safe or healthy. Especially in the Western world, where an average of 60 hours for men and 70 hours for women. This is because of the food and lifestyle.

As a result, the food has more time in the body (should be about 3 times longer). And takes longer to process, and it can complicate various complications. Such as constipation, digestion, and intestines. Problems, and bowel cancer.

What Are Digestive System Disorders?

Digestive System

Digestive system disorder is a medical condition or health complaint that directly complicates the digestive system.

The digestive system consists of alimentary canals. And other parts of the body whose function is to support the digestive process.

The alimentary canal contains the mouth, throat, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine (also called the colon and intestines), rectum, and rectum. Among the organs whose function is to support the digestive process are the gall bladder, liver, and pancreas.

So we can define digestive system disorder as any medical condition or health complaint. That includes mouth, throat, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine (also called colon and intestines), rectum, rectum, gall bladder, liver, and/or pancreas.

Since many parts of the body are included in this list, there are a large number of digestive disorders that can be included in this list.

Each part of the digestive system and each section of the alimentary canal has a specific and important role to play in the digestion of the substances we receive. Loss of function of any part of the alimentary canal or any of its auxiliary organs can lead to health problems and complications, even death.

How To Maintain a Healthy Digestive System?

Digestive System

A variety of ques help you reduce the risk of developing a digestive system disorder. These ques shales fall into the following broad categories:

  • Digestive System: Food, exercise, and lifestyle guidelines
  • Digestive System: Self Care Techniques

These two categories are discussed below

Digestive System: Food, exercise, and lifestyle guidelines

A person can reduce the risk of developing digestive system disorders and add healthy, active time to many more years of their lives:

  • Avoid disease and take precautions, such as proper vaccination and early detection and treatment if you suspect health problems.
  • Eating a healthy, high-fiber diet while avoiding processed foods, fast food, and foods high in salt, sugar, and/or fat.
  • Avoid health risks, such as smoking, excessive drinking, and drug use. Smoking also increases acid reflux and reduces saliva production. Saliva helps protect your esophagus from stomach acid.
  • Maintain a positive mental attitude and stay active, especially during your retirement.
  • Make sure you get enough quality sleep every night.
  • Take steps to reduce stress in your life Under stress, the digestive process slows down, and it can cause or increase digestive disorders, such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Comfortable ques exercises such as deep breathing, meditation, and yoga help reduce stress.
  • Include at least 30 minutes of physical activity in your daily routine.
  • Maintaining a healthy body weight. Slimming down helps reduce stress on your stomach, and this work only helps to alleviate digestive system disorders.

Digestive System: Self Care Techniques

In addition to the above dietary, exercise, and lifestyle guidelines, a health care technique also helps maintain a healthy digestive process.

The following health care techniques can help you reduce the risk of digestive disorders:

  • Eat small meals – Eat regular small meals throughout the day rather than one large meal. Large meals can cause swelling in your stomach, which can put a lot of pressure on your digestive system.
  • Avoid problem foods – Avoid drinking alcohol, caffeine, chocolate, spicy foods, acidic foods (such as citrus fruits and tomato-based foods), onions, bananas, and spears, which can burn parts of the body. It also increases the digestive process and the production of stomach acid, which can lead to inflammation of the digestive process and / or parts of the digestive process.
  • Limit fatty foods – Fatty foods help lower esophageal sphincter and stomach emptying, which increases the time of acid back up in your esophagus.
  • Eating habits – Sit down after eating, and wait at least three hours before bed or at least, or let the small intestine move forward from the stomach.
  • Avoid exercise immediately after eating, especially avoiding intense or high-impact activities. Try to wait at least two to three hours before you engage in any hard work. Low-impact exercise, such as walking, is good
  • Also extend the head of your bed only 6 inches, as it can prevent stomach acid from entering your esophagus while you sleep. A foam wedge under the mattress can also make the required height. However, don’t try to use extra pillows, as it will put more pressure on your stomach.
  • Avoid tight-fitting clothes such as belts, pants, etc. as they put pressure on your stomach and limit digestion.

Avoid some medications (if possible) that can cause or aggravate heart attacks and gastric reflux, such as:

  1. Allendronet
  2. Calcium channel blockers
  3. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen sodium.
  4. Quinidine
  5. Sedatives and tranquilizers
  6. Tetracycline (antibiotic)
  7. Theophylline
  • Avoid Injuries – Avoid activities and sports that can harm your body, especially in the case of Digestive System Disorder. Which can damage your abdominal area, or wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent injury and injury.

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