Diabetes Overview: Types, Symptoms, Facts And How To Prevent It

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Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects the way the body uses glucose that means the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, a sugar that is used as a fuel source for the body. And this insulin hormone normally helps glucose which is the main source of energy. Glucose is entering your body cells where it is used for energy and it comes from the foods you eat.

If person affected with diabetes don’t make enough insulin or you can say that insulin is not working as it should.  According to results glucose remains in the bloodstream and it does not enter the body’s cell. Patients have high blood sugar makes people sick and can lead to medical complications.

Diabetes Overview

What Is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a serious condition which is higher than normal blood sugar levels. Diabetes occurs when your body is unable to effectively produce or use its own insulin, a hormone produced by special cells in the pancreas known as a islets.

Insulin acts as a key to open cells and allow sugar (glucose) into the food you eat. So your body uses that glucose for energy. The person affected with diabetes type’s important things can go wrong to cause diabetes. There are three main types of disease. Type 1, Type 2 is the most common and the third type is gestational diseases.

Health Education For Diabetes Patients

Different diabetes types can occur and the management of the condition depends on the type. Not all forms of diabetes come from overweight or an inactive lifestyle. Indeed, some have been present since childhood.

The health care professional will look for some known symptoms is called as diabetes alert which includes include frequent urination, extreme thirst or hunger, blurred vision, sores that do not heal, weakness, and fatigue. You can do one or more test problems to know about diabetes types.

Urinalysis is the diabetes test and this looks for sugar in the urine and Fasting blood glucose test which measures the blood sugar level. For this test, you will need to stop eating and drinking for at least 8 hours before this test.

Random blood glucose test (without fasting) which also measures the amount of blood sugar, but you don’t have to stop eating or drinking before the test. Oral glucose tolerance test is also one of the diabetes type tests and you need to fast for at least 8 hours and then have a sugary drink.

Types Of Diabetes

There are several diabetes types. Three main types of diabetes can develop type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes. Following are the diabetes types which are seen in the number of peoples.

  • Type I diabetes:  Type l diabetes is called juvenile diabetes, this type occurs when the body does not produce insulin. If a person affected with a type I diabetes depend on insulin, which means they need to take artificial insulin every day to survive.
  • Type 2 Diabetes:  People with Type 2 diabetes are the body uses insulin. Although the body still produces insulin, unlike type I, the body’s cells do not respond as effectively as before.  According to the National Institute for Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, and has strong links to obesity. This disease is seen in most of the people which is the most common.
  • Gestational diabetes: Gestational diabetes type of disease occurs in women during pregnancy when the body can become fewer amounts sensitive to insulin. These diabetes types of disease found not in all women but it’s usually resolved after childbirth.  Monogenic diabetes and cystic fibrosis-related diabetes is the less common diabetes types.

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How Can I Prevent Diabetes Health Problems?

Diabetes type’s problem can damage eyes, nerves, kidneys, heart and cause erectile dysfunction in men. To avoid these complications take the medicine as prescribed. If diabetic’s side effects occur, contact your doctor. So following is a list of how can I prevent diabetes health problems.

  • Once a year you need to complete eye check-up.  Checking your blood sugar level can prevent eye damage.
  • Diabetes patients affect at an increased risk of tooth decay and gum disease. Get regular check-ups, brush after every meal and floss every day so you must check your teeth daily.
  • You must protect your skin and examine your skin daily for dryness, cuts, redness or changes. Drink lots of water (unless your doctor wants to limit fluids).
  • Since diabetes types can damage the nerves in the feet, you may not experience small cuts and bruises so inspect your feet.
  • If you feel numbness, tingling or burning in the feet, contact your doctor immediately. Wear comfortable shoes that fit well and never go barefoot.
  • Check your blood pressure and weight. The health worker will check the blood pressure at each visit 130/80 or less is the best.
  • Monitor the level of cholesterol in the blood. Total cholesterol must be less than 200 mg / dL and you need to check once in a year.
  • Your doctor can talk to you about diabetes support groups. So find support in your area so that you can get advice on living with diabetes.



Diabetes Symptoms

General diabetes type’s symptoms are caused by increased blood sugar. Following are the general symptoms of diabetes include:

  • Increased hunger
  • Increased thirst
  • Weight loss
  • Frequent Urination
  • Blurred Vision
  • Extreme Fatigue
  • Ulcers that do not heal

Symptoms In Men

Men with the general symptoms of diabetes may have a desire for decreased sex, erectile dysfunction (ED) and poor muscle strength.

Symptoms In Women

In addition to general symptoms of diabetes types with women may also experience symptoms such as urinary tract infections, yeast infections and dry, itchy skin.

Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms

  • Extreme hunger
  • Increased thirst
  • Involuntary weight loss
  • Frequent urination
  • Blurred vision
  • Tiredness.
  • It can also cause mood swings.

 Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms

  • Increased hunger
  • Increased thirst
  • Increased urination
  • Blurred vision
  • Fatigue
  • Sores that take time to heal

Gestational Diabetes

 For this diabetes, you can do one or more tests which are usually done between the 24th and 28th week of gestation and most of the women have no symptoms of this diabetes type.


The symptoms of diabetes types can be so mild that they are difficult to detect at first. If you see above-listed symptoms then you have to see a doctor.

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